## Electronics (Mike Jaroch)

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### A

#### AMPLITRON

AMPLITRON—See CROSS-FIELD AMPLIFIER [18].
 Keyword(s): AMPLITRON

#### AMPLITUDE

AMPLITUDE—The size of a signal as measured from a reference line to a maximum value above or below the line. Generally used to describe voltage, current, or power [8] [12].

 Keyword(s): AMPLITUDE

#### AMPLITUDE DISTORTION

AMPLITUDE DISTORTION—Distortion that is present in an amplifier when the amplitude of the output signal fails to follow exactly any increase or decrease in the amplitude of the input signal [6] [7].

 Keyword(s): AMPLITUDE DISTORTION

#### AMPLITUDE MODULATION

AMPLITUDE MODULATION—Any method of varying the amplitude of an electromagnetic carrier frequency in accordance with the intelligence to be transmitted [12].

 Keyword(s): AMPLITUDE MODULATION

#### AMPLITUDE STABILITY

AMPLITUDE STABILITY—Amplitude stability refers to the ability of the oscillator to maintain a constant amplitude in the output waveform [9].

 Keyword(s): AMPLITUDE STABILITY

#### AND CIRCUIT

AND CIRCUIT—See AND GATE [13].
 Keyword(s): AND CIRCUIT

#### AND GATE

AND GATE—(1) An electronic gate whose output is energized only when every input is in its prescribed state. An AND gate performs the function of the logical "AND"; also called an AND circuit. (2) A binary circuit, with two or more inputs and a single output, in which the output is a logic 1 only when all inputs are a logic 1 and the output is a logic 0 when any one of the inputs is a logic 0 [13].

 Keyword(s): AND GATE

#### ANGLE MODULATION

Modulation in which the angle of a sine-wave carrier is varied by a modulating
wave [12].

 Keyword(s): ANGLE MODULATION

#### ANGLE OF INCIDENCE

The angle between the incident wave and the normal [10].
 Keyword(s): ANGLE OF INCIDENCE

#### ANGLE OF INCLINATION

The angular difference between the equatorial plane of the earth and the
plane of orbit of the satellite [17].

 Keyword(s): ANGLE OF INCLINATION

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