Global History & Geography for 14-15 Yr olds USA) (Thomas Caswell)


Note: You may download the entries for this glossary here. If you wish to use this in your own Moodle course, first make a blank glossary and then follow the instructions for importing glossary entries here.

Thomas describes this database: "This 800+ term glossary is based on the New York State curriculum for 9th and 10th grade social studies. Called "Global History and Geography," this curriculum culminates in a high-stakes Regents examination that all students must pass in order to graduate and earn a high school diploma."

Browse the glossary using this index

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S

superpowers

Term given to the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War.

surgery

The medical treatment of a body which involves cutting open to perform various manipulations.

T

Taiping Rebellion

(1850-1864) A revolt by the people of China against the ruling Manchu Dynasty because of their failure to deal effectively with the opium problem and the interference of foreigners.

Talmud

The collection of Jewish writings that is the basis of Jewish religious law.

Tao-te-Ching

Collected teachings of Chinese philosopher Lao Tze, the founder of Taoism/Daoism.

Taoism / Daoism

The Chinese philosophy of Taoism (or Daoism) developed in the latter part of the Chou Dynasty, during a period of turmoil in which it was not clear that Chinese civilization would survive. It represents a naturalistic ideal of how one should live their life. The Chinese term Tao can be translated into English, meaning "the way." It is a philosophy which teaches that nature has a "way" in which it moves, and that people should passively accept the "way" of nature, rather than resist it. One concept related to this is that of wu-wei, which means "not doing." This means that people should not act unnaturally by doing things, but rather should openly accept the natural way. An emphasis is placed on the link between people and nature. Taoism teaches that this link lessened the need for rules and order, and leads one to a better understanding of the world.

tariff

A tax on imports.

tea ceremony

A Japanese ritual in which tea is prepared, served, and drunk in a certain way.

technology

tools and skills people use (i.e. computers and machines assist in research and production)

telescope

A device used to see distant objects, such as those in space.


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