Global History & Geography for 14-15 Yr olds USA) (Thomas Caswell)
Note: You may download the entries for this glossary here. If you wish to use this in your own Moodle course, first make a blank glossary and then follow the instructions for importing glossary entries here.
Thomas describes this database: "This 800+ term glossary is based on the New York State curriculum for 9th and 10th grade social studies. Called "Global History and Geography," this curriculum culminates in a high-stakes Regents examination that all students must pass in order to graduate and earn a high school diploma."
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A place where something lives.
A 3 line poem that has 17 syllables in the Japanese language, and expresses a single thought, feeling or idea.
The pilgrimage or holy journey to the city of Mecca
Oldest written system of laws. They were created by King Hammurabi of Babylonia in th mid 18th century BCE and placed on stones tablets for all to see.
Semitic language originating in ancient Palestine and spoken by the Israelites. Modern Hebrew was developed in the 19th and 20th centuries from the ancient written language.
The flight of Mohammed from Mecca to Median which was instrumental to the founding of the religion of Islam. Occurs in 622 ACE, which dates the founding of Islam.
Theory of the universe that states the sun is the center, and that the earth revolves around it.
Time period from the late 4th century BCE to the 1st century CE that was characterized by Greek achievement and a blending of Persian, Egyptian, Greek, and Indian cultures due to the empire of Alexander the Great.
(1491-1547) King of England who transformed his country into a Protestant nation during the Reformation.
(1860-1904) Leader of Zionist movement to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
A system of writing which uses pictures for concepts and ideas.
The taking control of a public transport vehicle, such as an airliner or train to use the people aboard as hostages.
(460?-377? BCE) Greek physician. He is considered to be the father of medicine and the ethical standard of treating all patients known as the Hippocratic Oath.
An promise made new physicians to treat all people fairly, and to seek to preserve life. Named after a ancient Greek physician who is credited with writing it.
(1901-1989) Emperor of Japan from 1926 until 1989. He is the last Japanese emperor to be considered divine. Led Japan through World War II.
Japanese city devastated during World War II when the United States dropped the first atomic bomb on Aug 6th, 1945.
(1889-1945) Austrian-born leader of Germany. He co-founded the Nazi Party in Germany, and gained control of the country as chancellor in 1933. Hitler started World War II with the invasion of Poland. He was responsible for the Holocaust.
Ho Chi Minh
(1890-1969) Vietnamese leader who is responsible for ousting first the French, then the United States from his country. Supported by both communist China and the Soviet Union, he guided Vietnam through decades long warfare to emerge as a communist nation.
(1588-1679) English philosopher and political theorist. Wrote Leviathan, where he favored an absolute government as the only means of balancing human interests and desires with their rights of life and property.
The attempted genocide of European Jews, Gypsies, mentally retarded, homosexuals, and others by Nazi Germany during the Second World War.
Term given to lands in present day Israel that is significant to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Formed by the Creator (Father), Redeemer (Son), and Sustainer (Holy Spirit). Christians believe that these three entities are all part of a single higher power.
Hubble Space Telescope
Large space telescope able to see farther than any other telescope at the end of the 20th century.
human and physical geography
The study of the environment, people, and the resources they use to live.
The rights that are considered by most societies to belong automatically to all people, including the rights to justice, freedom, and equality.
A system of thought that centers on humans and their values, capacities, and worth; A cultural and intellectual movement of the Renaissance that emphasized secular concerns as a result of the rediscovery and study of the literature, art, and civilization of ancient Greece and Rome.
hunting and gathering
System of food production for prehistoric peoples. Involves hunting animals and gathering foods grown in the wild.
(1937- ) President of Iraq since 1979. He has led his control into two devastating wars, one against Iran in 1980 to 1988, and the Persian Gulf War in 1990 1991 which started as a result of his invading Kuwait.
Hutus and Tutsis
Tribes in Rwanda responsible for decades of warfare.
Power that is derived from a moving body of water, such as a river or waterfall.