Global History & Geography for 14-15 Yr olds USA) (Thomas Caswell)


Note: You may download the entries for this glossary here. If you wish to use this in your own Moodle course, first make a blank glossary and then follow the instructions for importing glossary entries here.

Thomas describes this database: "This 800+ term glossary is based on the New York State curriculum for 9th and 10th grade social studies. Called "Global History and Geography," this curriculum culminates in a high-stakes Regents examination that all students must pass in order to graduate and earn a high school diploma."

Browse the glossary using this index

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P

pharaoh

In ancient Egypt, title given to the ruler who was considered both king and god.

Philip II

(1527-1598) King of Spain from 1556 to 1598. Absolute monarch who helped lead the Counter Reformation by persecuting Protestants in his holdings. Also sent the Spanish Armada against England.

philosopher

A person who seeks to understand and explain the nature of things around them. A scholar of philosophy.

philosophy

A system of thought devoted to the examination of ideas such as truth, existence, reality, causality, religion, and freedom

Phoenicians

An early trading civilization located in present day Lebanon and Syria along the Mediterranean. They produced various products, such as glass, papyrus scrolls, and dyes, and established trade across the entire Mediterranean Sea. The Phoenician trade empire benefited most cultures in this region. As their trade expanded, they setup colonies throughout the Mediterranean. The Phoenicians also developed an alphabet to keep track of their business dealings. This alphabet was later adopted and adapted by the Greeks and Romans, and is the basis for the western alphabets of today. Phoenician trade is responsible for the great exchange of ideas and culture that occurred during this time period.

pictographs

Writing system that uses drawings of objects.

pilgrimage

A religious journey to visit a shrine or other holy site.

Pizarro, Francisco

(1476?-1541) Spanish conquistador who was responsible for the conquest of the Incan Empire.

plebeian

A member of the lower class of ancient Roman society.

Pol Pot

(1925-1998) Leader of Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. Pol Pot is responsible for the deaths of almost 2 million of his own people due to starvation, execution, and beatings.


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