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Pacific Rim

The countries that border the Pacific Ocean, specifically, the countries of East Asia, considered as an economic unit.


A multistoried building with the corners of the roof curved up that were used as a temple.

Pahlavi, Muhammad Reza

(1919-1980), Dictator ruler of Iran from 1941 to 1979. He was supported by the United States throughout most of the Cold War due to his anti communist stance. Overthrown during the Iranian Revolution in 1979.

Paleolithic Age

(750,000 BCE - 10,000 B.C.E.) Old Stone Age. A period of time in human history characterized by the use of stone tools and the use of hunting and gathering as a food source.

Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)

One time terrorist organization, now considered to be a legitimate political body whose goals have been to create a nation-state for the displaced Palestinians. The PLO is lead by Yasir Arafat.

Pan Africanism

Nationalistic movement which emphasized the unity of all Africans, and sought to end foreign control.

Pan Slavism

Nationalistic movement which emphasized the unity of all Slavic peoples, and sought to end foreign control of various Slavic nations.

Panama Canal

A canal that crosses the isthmus of Panama connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Built by the United States between 1904 and 1914.


A domed temple in Rome that was completed in 27 BCE, and still stands today.

papyrus scrolls

Paper like material made from the reeds of the papyrus plant. It was used by the Egyptians for the writing and storing of documents.

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