US Educational Terms Glossary (Garland Green)


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Glossary of Educational Terminology Garland found while surfing the web.

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A

Adoption

  • An individual state's measure of yearly progress toward achieving state academic standards. Adequate yearly progress is the minimum level of improvement that states, school districts, and schools must achieve each year, according to federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation. This progress is determined by a collection of performance measures that a state, its school districts, and subpopulations of students within its schools are supposed to meet if the state receives Title I federal funding.

  • Refers to the chosen curriculum of a particular school.

  • The courses of study offered by a school or district.

Advanced Placement (AP)

A series of voluntary exams based on college-level courses taken in high school. High school students who do well on one or more of these exams have the opportunity to earn credit, advanced placement, or both for college. (Ed Source)

Advancement Via Individual Determination (AVID)

A four-year elective college preparatory class designed to motivate students to attend college.

AEL

Appalachia Educational Laboratory

AERA

American Educational Research Association

AFT

American Federation of Teachers

AIT

Agency for Instructional Technology

Alignment

The degree to which assessments, curriculum, instruction, textbooks and other instructional materials, teacher preparation and professional development, and systems of accountability all reflect and reinforce the educational program's objectives and standards. (Ed Source)

Alternative Assessment

An assessment in which students originate a response to a task or question. Such responses could include demonstrations exhibits portfolios oral presentations or essays. (Compare to traditional assessment.)

Alternative Assessments

Ways other than standardized tests to get information about what students know and where they need help, such as oral reports, projects, performances, experiments, and class participation. (Ed Source)


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