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### M

#### Magnet School

A school that focuses on a particular discipline, such as science, mathematics, arts, or computer science. It is designed to recruit students from other parts of the school district.

#### Mainstreaming

The practice of placing students with disabilities in regular classrooms; also known as inclusion. (Ed Source)

#### manipulative

Any physical object (e.g. blocks toothpicks coins) that can be used to represent or model a problem situation or develop a mathematical concept.

#### Manipulatives

Three-dimensional teaching aids and visuals that teachers use to help students with math concepts. Typical tools include counting beads or bars, base ten blocks, shapes, fraction parts, and rulers.

#### matrix sampling

An assessment method in which no student completes the entire assessment but each completes a portion of the assessment. Portions are allotted to different representative samples of students. Group (rather than individual) scores are obtained for an analysis of school or district performance.

#### McREL

Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning

#### Metacognition

The process of considering and regulating one s own learning. Activities include assessing or reviewing one s current and previous knowledge identifying gaps in that knowledge planning gap-filling strategies determining the relevance of new information and potentially revising beliefs on the subject.

#### Minimum Day

A shortened school day that allows teachers to meet and work together.

#### Modeling

Demonstrating to the learner how to do a task with the expectation that the learner can copy the model. Modeling often involves thinking aloud or talking about how to work through a task.

#### Modernization

The installation of new plumbing, air conditioning, floors, cabinets, carpeting, etc. on school grounds.

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